Exploring the Various Types of Tennis Shots: A Comprehensive Guide

Tennis shots can be classified into various types based on their purpose and execution, including the forehand, backhand, serve, volley, and overhead smash. Tennis, a popular sport worldwide, involves several types of shots that players use strategically to gain an advantage over their opponents.

Each shot serves a specific purpose and requires precise execution. The forehand is one of the most common shots, allowing players to hit the ball with their dominant hand across the body.

The backhand involves hitting the ball with the non-dominant hand, either with one hand or two.

The serve is the shot used to start each point, delivering the ball over the net into the opponent’s service box. The volley is a shot played before the ball bounces on the court, often executed at the net.

Finally, the overhead smash is a powerful shot played above the player’s head, usually in response to a lob or a high ball. Understanding these different types of tennis shots is crucial for players to excel in the sport and develop a well-rounded game.

1. Forehand Shots

Forehand shots in tennis involve various aspects that contribute to their effectiveness. One crucial factor is the grip used while executing these shots. A correct grip can significantly impact the power and control of the shot.

Another essential element is the technique employed, which includes proper arm positioning and swing mechanics.

Precision and timing are key to executing forehand shots effectively. Additionally, footwork plays a vital role in generating power and positioning the body correctly to hit the shot with accuracy.

The ability to move quickly and efficiently on the court enhances the overall effectiveness of forehand shots.

By focusing on grip, technique, and footwork, tennis players can improve their forehand shots and elevate their performance on the court.

2. Backhand Shots

Backhand shots in tennis are an essential part of mastering the game. Grips for backhand shots vary depending on your playing style and preference.

The technique for backhand shots differs from the forehand shots, as you need to generate power and control with the opposite hand.

There are different types of backhand shots, including the one-handed backhand and the two-handed backhand. The one-handed backhand requires good wrist flexibility and enables you to hit the ball with more power and precision.

On the other hand, the two-handed backhand provides additional stability and control due to the use of both hands.

Mastering these different backhand shots will enhance your overall game and make you a formidable opponent on the court.

3. Serving

A strong serve is of utmost importance in tennis. It sets the tone for the entire game. Different types of serves, such as the flat serve, the slice serve, and the kick serve, provide players with versatile options.

By varying the spin and speed of their serves, players can keep their opponents guessing and gain an advantage.

Techniques for effective serving include proper grip, stance, ball toss, and follow-through. These elements work together to enable players to generate power, accuracy, and consistency in their serves.

Mastering the art of serving requires practice and understanding the nuances of each type of service.

Players must also focus on placement and strategy to exploit their opponent’s weaknesses.

A strong serve can give players a head start and control over the game.


To become proficient in tennis, it is essential to have a strong understanding of the different types of shots. From powerful forehand drives to delicate drop shots, each shot requires its own unique technique and strategy.

Mastering these shots will not only improve your overall game but also allow you to adapt and respond effectively to various situations on the court.

The serve, the foundation of any match, sets the tone for the game. The groundstrokes, including forehand and backhand, provide the power and consistency needed to control the point.

Volleys, executed near the net, allow for quick reflexes and finishing the point efficiently.

And finally, the well-placed and perfectly timed overhead shot can add an extra element of surprise to your gameplay.

By taking the time to practice and develop these different types of shots, you will become a versatile and formidable player, capable of outplaying any opponent.

So, grab your racquet, hit the court, and start perfecting those shots!

Moaz Bin Saiful is the lead writer of Surprise Sports, who covers all the tennis-related news. He is fond of sports, and he also has his own blog where he writes about different tactics on how to play tennis better.